ūüďĚAlkane

  • Relationship between Hydrogen and Carbons: H=2‚ÄČC+2\ce{H = 2C + 2}
  • This leads to the following formula of Alkane: CXnHX2n+2\ce{C_nH_{2n+2}}
  • An Alkyl group is formed by removing one hydrogen from alkane and is described by the formula: CXnHX2n+1\ce{C_nH_{2n+1}}
NameMolecular FormulaCondensed Structural Formula
MethaneCHX4\ce{CH4 }CHX4\ce{CH4 }
EthaneCX2HX6\ce{C2H6 }CHX3CHX3\ce{CH3CH3 }
PropaneCX3HX8\ce{C3H8 }CHX3CHX2CHX3\ce{CH3CH2CH3 }
ButaneCX4HX10\ce{C4H10 }CHX3(CHX2)X2CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)2CH3 }
PentaneCX5HX12\ce{C5H12 }CHX3(CHX2)X3CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)3CH3 }
HexaneCX6HX14\ce{C6H14 }CHX3(CHX2)X4CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)4CH3 }
HeptaneCX7HX16\ce{C7H16 }CHX3(CHX2)X5CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)5CH3 }
OctaneCX8HX18\ce{C8H18 }CHX3(CHX2)X6CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)6CH3 }
NonaneCX9HX20\ce{C9H20 }CHX3(CHX2)X7CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)7CH3 }
DecaneCX10HX22\ce{C10H22}CHX3(CHX2)X8CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)8CH3 }
UndecaneCX11HX24\ce{C11H24}CHX3(CHX2)X9CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)9CH3 }
DodecaneCX12HX26\ce{C12H26}CHX3(CHX2)X10CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)10CH3}
TridecaneCX13HX28\ce{C13H28}CHX3(CHX2)X11CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)11CH3}
TetradecaneCX14HX30\ce{C14H30}CHX3(CHX2)X12CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)12CH3}
PentadecaneCX15HX32\ce{C15H32}CHX3(CHX2)X13CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)13CH3}
HexadecaneCX16HX34\ce{C16H34}CHX3(CHX2)X14CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)14CH3}
HeptadecaneCX17HX36\ce{C17H36}CHX3(CHX2)X15CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)15CH3}
OctadecaneCX18HX38\ce{C18H38}CHX3(CHX2)X16CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)16CH3}
NonadecaneCX19HX40\ce{C19H40}CHX3(CHX2)X17CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)17CH3}
EicosaneCX20HX42\ce{C20H42}CHX3(CHX2)X18CHX3\ce{CH3(CH2)18CH3}

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