đź“–The Hero with a Thousand Faces

authors
Campbell, Joseph
year
2008
  • #quote

    Truth is one, the sages speak of it by many names. —Rg Veda 1.164.46

  • Doctor’s (psychologist) role is precisely the same as that of Wise Old Man whose word assists the hero to find the sword to kill the dragon-terror with. This is the man to heal hero’s seemingly-deadly wounds. And he finally allows the hero back into the normal world. (p.6)
  • Many rituals are designed in a way to support and help people to pass thresholds
  • Dream is personalized myth, myth the personalized dream (p.14)

    • While dream is obscured by personal turmoils, myths are directly applicable for all mankind.
  • p.18

    where we had thought to find an abomination, we shall find a god; where we had thought to slay another, we shall slay ourselves; where we had thought to travel outward, we shall come to the center of our own existence; where we had thought to be alone, we shall be with all the world.

  • The standard path of monomyth: separation—initiation—return.
  • When hero refuses the call, his life becomes the opposite of the journey. The subject loses the power, walled in boredom and loses meaning.
  • If hero is to accept the journey, the first character he meets is a protective figure who provides traveler with an amulet against evil forces.
  • The world is bound as in the bubble, everything outside is unknown (think, edge of the Earth). Unknown is an empty space for projections of unconscious.
  • The first threshold guardian might be protective (“you know you shouldn’t cross the border”).
  • p.74

    The hero, instead of conquering or conciliating the power of the threshold, is swallowed into the unknown, and would appear to have died.

  • This motif suggests that passing a threshold is a form of self-annihilation. The hero disappears to be reborn again.
  • p.77 #quote

    Anyone unable to understand a god sees it as a devil and is thus defended from the approach.

  • p.77 #quote

    No creature can attain a higher grade of nature without ceasing to exist. —Ananda Coomaraswamy

  • Road of trials: the hero is presented with a series of trials which he must pass. He is equipped with amulet and helpers or may discover that nature sides with him and helps.
  • If hero is opposed by opposite vigilant, they are actually one being. They are two sides of one: black and white, good and evil. The hero must either conquer it or subdue (swallow or be swallowed)—this represents union of yourself.

    • This deepens the problem of the first threshold: Can the ego put itself to death?
  • p.101

    The mystical marriage with the queen goddess of the world represents the hero’s total mastery of life; for the woman is life, the hero is its knower and master.

  • When it’s brought to our attention that everything we do or think comes from our earthy flesh/body, not uncommonly, we are drawn from life, acts of life, organs of life, woman in particular (as the greatest symbol of life). These all become intolerable for the pure-pure soul. (p.102)

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